District Profile : Physical Aspects
Important Rivers: Nagavali, Vamsadhara, , Mahendratanaya, Champavathi, Bahuda and Kumbikotagedda
The rivers have origin in the Eatsren Ghats of Orissa state and joins Bay Of Bengal within the
seacoast of Srikakulam district. The District has a seacoast of 193 Kms.
CLIMATE AND RAINFALL:
Throughout the year, the climate is characterised by humidity. The South-West-monsoon
which follows the summer season lasts upto to September. Northeast monsoon starts from 1st
October to the end of November. The period from December to mid February enjoys generally a fine
weather. The annual rainfall is 937.6 mm during the year 2004-2005 against normal rainfall is
The forests in the District exhibit a variety of local changes in quality, composition
and density. The forests are of varying types greatly differing in nature, intermixed, and
interrupted by superior or inferior types. These show, much diversity in representation and
combination of the main species. The forests can be broadly classified as follows:
1. The South Indian Moist deciduous which includes mixed forests,sal forests and hilly
2. The South – Indian dry ever-green miscellaneous forests.
The land fauna in Srikakulam District is very little. In the past, the District must
have been the sort of several wild animals. Human habitation and the indiscriminate destruction
of forests resulted in the disappearance of the many species. Among the carnivore the tiger is
almost extinct, but leopard, hyena and wolf are occasionally seen in the forests. The Jackal
fox, wild cats and dogs are other carnivorous animals found in the District. The herbivorous
class is represented by the somber and spotted deer or chital, while wild goat, bears are the
other common once. The black buck, the blue bull and the bison are conspicuously absent in these
parts. Among the birds, the peafowl, Peacock, Jungle fowl, Pigeon, parrot, Myna partridges,
goose doves etc,., are common.